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Rules to play Soccer
1. Field of Play
This is the area the game is played within, it most commonly is marked by painting white (or black) lines on the grass. Figure 1.2 shows the basic layout of the field. Common dimensions are 100 meter (touch line) by 50 meters, although it is not uncommon to have smaller field sizes due to unavailable space or to accommodate Juniors playing small sided games.
2. Type of Ball
The soccer rules and regulations state the ball is a spherical shape and is sized 1 to 5 (5 being the largest). Regulations state size 5 balls are to be used in all matches age 12 and up.Soccer Rules and regulations state the ball is to weigh no more than 450 grams and no less than 410 at the start of the match have a circumference of no more than 70cm and no less than 68cm.a pressure between 0.4 and 0.6 atmosphere at sea level.
3. Number of Players
A maximum of 11 players and minimum of 7 are allowed per team. Youth leagues below the age of 12 may play with fewer players in order to help develop player understanding and ball control. One player from each team must be the earmarked as the goal keeper; this player is allowed to use their hands within their penalty area. The goalkeeper must also wear a deferent colour shirt to the rest of the team to allow them to be distinguished.
4. Equipment for Players
The soccer rules state that all players must wear shin guardsprotector, this is to prevent injury of the lower legs. Each team must wear the same coloured shirt to allow easy identification of teams. If cleats are worn, they must be specifically designed so that the studs do not protrude on the front of the boot, as well as have no sharp edges that could potentially harm other players.
5. Referees and the Soccer Rules
The soccer rules and regulations state that it is the referees job to control the game by enforcing the rules and regulations or 17 laws. One distinct difference to most other sports is the referees may let the game continue when a foul is committed if he or she believes that there is an advantage to the fouled players team. This rule is the advantage clause, and the referee will call play on and or do a hand motion placing both hands forward .
6. Lines men and women
Two linesmen are used to assist the referee in the enforcing of the rules and regulations. The linesmen job it to indicate to the referee when the ball is out of play, a corner kick, a goal, players are offside and when fouls misconduct take place. When the referee is informed by the linesmen, it is up the referees to make the final decision and he or she may or may not take the linemens advice.
7. Duration of Match
The duration of the match depends on the age of the players, standard time is 45 minute halfs, but is not uncommon for lower level leagues to play 40 minute halfs, and juniors to play less than 30 minute halfs.
8. Drop balls and kick offs
A game is started by taking a kickoff, this is done by placing the ball in the center of the ground, and kicking it forward. kickoffs are also used to restart play after a goal is scored or to begin play after half time.The team that begins with the kickoff is determined with a coin toss before the game, the winner has the choice to kick off or change the direction each team is playing (also know as direction team is running).
a goal can not be scored by the first kick after a kickoff, this is deemed direct from kickoff and will be disallowed. A drop ball is the second method of restarting of the game and is done if the game is to be stopped while the ball is in play, for a reason other than an infraction, for example an injury.
9. Ball in or Out of play
The soccer rules and regulations state that the ball is deemed out of the field of play when it is completely outside the goal line, touch line and goal line. if any part of the ball is still inside the line then the ball is deemed still in play (figure 1.4). The referee will indicate who is to free throw the ball back into play, this is the opposite team to the one that last touched the ball before it exited the field of play.
10. Scoring a Goal
The soccer rules state the ball must full cross the goal line below the cross bar and between both posts to be deemed a goal. All players may score goals for opposition as long as it was not directly from a goal kick, penalty kick or kickoff.
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