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Mountains in India
A mountain is a large landform that stretches above the surrounding land in a limited area.
61. Palni Hills
The Palani Hills are a mountain range in Tamil Nadu state of South India. The Palani Hills are an eastward extension of the Western Ghats ranges, which run parallel to the west coast of India. The Palani Hills adjoin the high Anamalai range on the west, and extend east into the plains of Tamil Nadu, covering an area of 2,068 square kilometres (798 sq mi). The highest part of the range is in the southwest, and reaches 1,800-2,500 metres (5,906-8,202 feet) elevation; the eastern extension of the range is made up of hills 1,000-1,500 m (3,281-4,921 ft) high. It is also home to one of the shrines of Lord Karthikeyan or Murugan, who is worshipped as the primary god in Tamil Nadu.
The Pat-kai in Tai-Ahom language are the hills on Indias north-eastern border with Burma. They were created by the same tectonic processes that resulted in the formation of the Himalayas in the Mesozoic. They are not as rugged as the Himalayas and its peaks are much lower in height. Features of the range include conical peaks, steep slopes and deep valleys. Three hill ranges come under the Patkai. The Patkai-Bum (Burmese Kumon Taungdan), the Garo-Khasi-Jaintia, and the Lushai Hills. The Garo-Khasi range is in the Indian state of Meghalaya. Mawsynram and Cherrapunji, on the windward side of these hills are the worlds wettest places, having the highest annual rainfall.
63. Pir Panjal Range
The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains in the Inner Himalayan region, running from east-southeast (ESE) to west-northwest (WNW) across the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh and the disputed territories comprising Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistan administered Azad Kashmir, where the average elevation varies from 1,400 m (4,600 ft) to 4,100 m (13,500 ft). The Himalayas show a gradual elevation towards the Dhauldhar and Pir Panjal ranges. Pir Panjal is the largest range of the lower Himalayas. Near the bank of the Sutlej river, it dissociates itself from the Himalayas and forms a divide between the rivers Beas and Ravi on one side and the Chenab on the other. The famous Murree and Galliat mountains are also located in this range.
64. Purvanchal Range
The purvanchal hills lies in the north easternmost part of India lying near Myanmar . they are the eastern extension of himalayas . they cover the states of assom, manipur, tripura, nagaland . meghalaya and mizorm . the garo - khasi and jaintia hills lie in this range. Generally purvanchal refers to the above listed but there is also another region purvanchal in India listed here - urvanchal is a geographic region of north-central India, which comprises the eastern end of Uttar Pradesh state. It is bounded by Nepal to the north, Bihar state to the east, Bagelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh state to the south, the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh to the west and the end of Doab (at Allahabad) in Uttar Pradesh to its southwest.
65. Satpura Range
The Satpura Range is a range of hills in central India. The range rises in eastern Gujarat state near the Arabian Sea coast, running east through the border of Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the east till Chhattisgarh. The range parallels the Vindhya Range to the north, and these two east-west ranges divide Indian Subcontinent into the Indo-Gangetic plain of northern India and the Deccan Plateau of the south. The Narmada River originates from north-eastern end of Satpura & runs in the depression between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges, draining the northern slope of the Satpura range, running west towards the Arabian Sea. The Tapti River originates from eastern-central part of Satpura, crosses the range in the center & further runs at the southern slopes of Satpura towards west meeting the Arabian Sea at Surat, draining central & the southern slopes of the Satpura Range. The Godavari River and its tributaries drain the Deccan plateau, which lies south of the range, and the Mahanadi River drains the easternmost portion of the range. The Godavari and Mahanadi rivers flow into the Bay of Bengal. At its eastern end, the Satpura range meets the hills of the Chota Nagpur Plateau.
66. Sivalik Hills
The Sivalik hills is a mountain range of the outer Himalayas also known as Manak Parbat in ancient times. Shivalik literally means tresses of Shiva
67. Vindhya Range
The Vindhya Range refers to a complex, discontinuous chain of mountain ridges, hill ranges, highlands and plateau escarpments in west-central India. Technically, the Vindhyas do not form a single mountain range in the geological sense. The exact extent of the Vindhyas is loosely defined, and historically, the term covered a number of distinct hill systems in Central India, including the one that is now known as Satpura. Today, the term principally refers to the escarpment that runs north of and roughly parallel to the Narmada river in Madhya Pradesh, and its hilly extensions. Depending on the definition, the range extends upto the Gujarat in the west, and Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in the east. The Vindhyas have a great significance in the Indian mythology and history. Several ancient texts mention the Vindhyas as the southern boundary of Aryavarta, the ancient Indo-Aryan territory. Although today, the Indo-Aryan languages are spoken to the south of Vindhyas, the range continues to be considered as the traditional boundary between North India and South India. The former Vindhya Pradesh was named after the Vindhya range.
68. Abi Gamin
Abi Gamin or Ibi Gamin is one of the highest peaks located in Chamoli district of the Indian state Uttrakhand . It lies on India-Tibet border just 2 km away from mount Kamet. It is also the secong highest peak of the region after Kamet. This peak is a part of Himalayan Range and is situated on the watershed of the upper Alaknanda and Dhauli.
69. Ghent Kangri
Ghent Kangri (or Mount Ghent, Ghaint I) is a high peak at the north end of the Saltoro Mountains, a subrange of the Karakoram range. It is located west of the Siachen Glacier in an area under Indian control since 1984. Mount Ghent stands at an elevation of 7401 meters (24281 ft) and is ranked 69th in the list of highest mountain peaks of the world.
70. Saser Kangri IV
The Saser Kangri massif consists of four main peaks and Saser Kangri IV being the smallest of them all. This mountain is located on Saser Muztagh Range that is a sub-range of Karakoram Range.
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